On land, battlefield servers are commonly deployed in fixed-building platforms such as CONUS [Continental United States]; in tents or trailers used for quasi-fixed, behind-front-lines operations centers; or in mobile vehicles such as Humvees, MRAPs [mine-resistant ambush-protected vehicles], or Strykers. But heat is a killer for servers, especially in today’s desert battlefields. Commercial temperature components operate at 0 °C to 70 °C and their performance suffers (or results in failure) when they get too hot. When Intel processors get close to their maximum 100 °C temperature, the CPU throttles, slowing down the clock to lower the workload and the device temperature. When this happens, the server slows down, its performance suffers, and under battlefield conditions, the slowdown could result in loss of life.
Another important part of the computer is the motherboard. Although often overlooked, its job is massive. It determines the bus speed, the amount of memory, how many expansion cards allowed, and the types of processors compatible with the system. When looking for a motherboard consider the processor socket, form factor, front-side bus speed, and RAM socket.
Once your system is assembled, it’s time for the big moment – hit the power button! Make sure your monitor and keyboard are connected to the PC, and if everything worked correctly, a screen will appear where you can enter the system BIOS. If you have a disc or flash drive with an OS, put it into the appropriate drive, boot up, and you can install the OS. At this point, the assembly is over – congratulations, you’ve now built your own PC! Way to go!
The template for all modern computers is the Von Neumann architecture, detailed in a 1945 paper by Hungarian mathematician John von Neumann. This describes a design architecture for an electronic digital computer with subdivisions of a processing unit consisting of an arithmetic logic unit and processor registers, a control unit containing an instruction register and program counter, a memory to store both data and instructions, external mass storage, and input and output mechanisms.[2] The meaning of the term has evolved to mean a stored-program computer in which an instruction fetch and a data operation cannot occur at the same time because they share a common bus. This is referred to as the Von Neumann bottleneck and often limits the performance of the system.[3]
The second key factor that determines performance of a traditional, internal hard disk is the interface used to connect it to the computer's motherboard. Three types of interface exist: SATA, which is the most modern and now pretty much the norm on new PCs; IDE (also known as UDMA), which is a slower and older form of interface, and finally SCSI, which is happens to be the oldest but in it most modern variant is still the fastest disk interface standard. This said, SCSI is now all but redundant in desktop computing since the introduction of SATA, as SATA provides a fairly high speed interface at much lower cost and complexity than SCSI.

Understanding your computer and its hardware components can prove very useful when the time comes to upgrade or replace any parts, or when building a computer. Should a problem arise with the internal workings of your computer, you will have a better understanding of the importance of each component, the need for them to be in good working condition and how to go about solving any issues. 
RAM - Random Access Memory, or just "memory". RAM is the working scratchpad memory the computer uses to store code and data that are being actively used. RAM is effectively a storage area of bytes under the control of the CPU. RAM is relatively fast and able to retrieve the value of any particular byte in a few nanoseconds (1 nanosecond is 1 billionth of a second). The other main feature of RAM is that it only keeps its state so long as it is supplied with power -- RAM is not "persistent" storage.
As computer enthusiasts ourselves, we're there to help you. Once you're confident in the parts list you've put together and you have the right information at your disposal, you can be confident that your build will be successful. And that's how you can build the system you want, at the price you want, and get the best bang for your buck. Pickup the basic components you'll need for your build - a processor, compatible motherboard, memory, case, power supply, storage drive, cooling system, etc. and from there you can start your build. If you're building a gamer system you'll definitely want to research graphics cards as well. Whatever your requirement, shoot us a message and we'll be glad to help you pick the right hardware you need.
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The CPU is the engine of your computer and sets the performance expectations for the entire build. Memory and storage fuel the processor, which controls every data transaction within the PC. When you’re determining which CPU to install, pay attention to the gigahertz (GHz) – the higher the GHz, the faster the processor. However, more GHz also means the CPU consumes more energy, which could lead to higher system temperatures that require better airflow or heat dissipation within the computer.
Here is the flat "motherboard", a little smaller than a 8.5 x 11 piece of paper, that the various components plug in to. At the center is the CPU. At the far right is the RAM memory. Just to the right of the CPU are a couple support chips. Prominently, one of the chips is covered with a copper "heatsink" .. this presses tightly against the chip, dissipating the heat from the chip into the surrounding air. The CPU also had a very large heatsink, but it was removed to make the CPU visible.

The term supercomputer does not refer to a specific technology. Rather it indicates the fastest computations available at any given time. In mid 2011, the fastest supercomputers boasted speeds exceeding one petaflop, or 1 quadrillion (10^15 or 1,000 trillion) floating point operations per second. Supercomputers are fast but extremely costly, so they are generally used by large organizations to execute computationally demanding tasks involving large data sets. Supercomputers typically run military and scientific applications. Although costly, they are also being used for commercial applications where huge amounts of data must be analyzed. For example, large banks employ supercomputers to calculate the risks and returns of various investment strategies, and healthcare organizations use them to analyze giant databases of patient data to determine optimal treatments for various diseases and problems incurring to the country.
Graphics cards are also known as the graphics processing unit (GPU) or video card. The more powerful your graphics card is, the more vivid your pictures and the more frame rate, how fast the video moves, will be. Higher end video cards prevent the crashes or buffering that you sometimes see when watching a movie or playing a game on a PC. Graphics cards are also available by size, ranging from 1GB to more than 12GB. Make sure you know how good of a graphics card your motherboard and processor can handle.
The same application software must be portable across many different server types, so the customer merely chooses the format of the server based upon the installation. That choice requires rugged servers to be code-compatible within the same processor family using a computer-on-module (COM) engine that houses the processor or processors subsystem, such as an Intel Xeon E5, Xeon D, or future processor types. The engine is the same, whether used in a VPX server blade, a SFF conduction-cooled chassis, an air-cooled 19-inch rackmount, or even sandwiched into a smart-panel PC display.
The CPU of your computer is very much like your brain, it is the part of the computer that gives out all basic instructions to every other component on your computer. The CPU is one of the main components that will effect the performance of your computer, generally a powerful CPU will let a computer perform tasks faster and can perform more intensive tasks on your computer as well. The two main brands of desktop CPU manufacturers are AMD and Intel, both of which have certain advantages and disadvantages in their hardware. You’ll want to do your own research on what CPU works for you, depending on what your other components are and your budget, each brand will have something it will excel in. Overall, you should come away from this understanding that your CPU will be the part of your computer that tells all your other components what to do and will determine how fast your computer will carry out its tasks.
Graphics cards connect to what is known as either a "PCI Express" or an "AGP" slot on a computer's motherboard. PCI Express is the more powerful and modern standard, with the best graphics cards requiring the use of two PCI Express slots. A PC being upgraded from onboard graphics sometimes also requires an upgraded power supply if it is to continue to run in a stable fashion.
A floppy disk is a removable (i.e. portable) platter made of mylar plastic that is magnetized. Bits of information are stored in concentric rings called tracks on either side of the platter. The current floppy disk standard is a 3 1/2" platter in a hard plastic case that holds 1.44 Megabytes of information. A Zip disk, on the other hand, can hold up to 250 Megabytes.
If your putting something in your computer and taking it out is most likely a form of removable media. There are many different removable media devices. The most popular are probably CD and DVD drives which almost every computer these days has at least one of. There are some new disc drives such as Blu-ray which can hold a much larger amount of information then normal CDs or DVDs. One type of removable media which is becoming less popular is floppy disk.
On land, battlefield servers are commonly deployed in fixed-building platforms such as CONUS [Continental United States]; in tents or trailers used for quasi-fixed, behind-front-lines operations centers; or in mobile vehicles such as Humvees, MRAPs [mine-resistant ambush-protected vehicles], or Strykers. But heat is a killer for servers, especially in today’s desert battlefields. Commercial temperature components operate at 0 °C to 70 °C and their performance suffers (or results in failure) when they get too hot. When Intel processors get close to their maximum 100 °C temperature, the CPU throttles, slowing down the clock to lower the workload and the device temperature. When this happens, the server slows down, its performance suffers, and under battlefield conditions, the slowdown could result in loss of life.
There has never been a better time to build your own PC, but where’s the best place to start? Determining what you want to get out of your new computer is the first step and it guides the rest of the process. When you know what you want from your computer, you’ll know what you need from your hardware, which is the source of your computer’s performance. Get the most performance for less by investing in the right components from the start. That’s when you can begin to build.
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Two key factors determine the speed of traditional, spinning hard disks. The first is the rotational velocity of the physical disk itself. This can currently be 4200, 5400, 7200, 10000 or 15000 rpm (revolutions per minute). The faster the disk spins, the quicker data can be read from or written to it, hence the faster the disk the better (although faster disks consume more power, make more noise, and generate more heat). Most desktop hard disks run at either 5400 or 7200 rpm, whilst most laptop hard disks run at 4200 or 5400. However, upgrading to a 10000 or 15000 rpm disk -- such as a Velociraptor from Western Digital -- can prove one of the most cost-effective upgrades for increasing the performance and responsiveness of a desktop computer.
At its core, a computer system is nothing more than a combination of computer parts working together. The most essential parts are the CPU, motherboard, memory (RAM), power supply, and hard drive (or SSD). These are typically housed in a computer case unless you’re building a test bench where you’ll need to swap out components on a constant basis. Most computer system builders build their own computers for gaming so if that’s your goal, then you’ll definitely want to look into graphics cards.
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